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Fly & Mosquito

Flies feed on various organic substances including excrement, and sweet and other foods.

They can reach a length of 7 to 14 mm, and reproduce in dry areas, with breeding promoted by warm temperatures.

Flies lay up to 2,000 eggs, mostly in manure, faeces, compost heaps and rubbish tips (the Muscadomestica species), but also on protein-rich substances such as meat (the Calliphoravicina species). The eggs develop into white maggots, which can grow up to 12 mm long.

Their movement between bad meat, excrement and foods is not only unappetising, it also makes flies the transmitters of germs and a source of food contamination.

As a result they can transfer pathogens for infectious diseases such as cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, salmonellosis, hepatitis and poliomyelitis.

Flies which do not bite are:

   •   the common housefly (Muscadomestica)
   •   the meat fly (Calliphoravicina)
   •   the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)

Flies which bite are:

   •   the tsetse fly, the carrier of sleeping sickness (Trypanosomiasis)
   •   the stable fly (Stomoxyscalcitrans)
   •   the horsefly (Tabanidae)

Preventive measures and control:

   •   Avoid accumulating rubbish and rotting substances
   •   Do not leave food or meals uncovered
   •   Keep kitchens and cooking untensils clean
   •   Use insecticides (Fly Trap, Insect Strip, Flying Insect Spray)
   •   Insect repellents provide sensible protection against biting flies (e. g. horseflies)


Depending on the species mosquitos can grow to 4 to 6 mm long. Only the females bite and suck blood, which they need for reproduction. The males do not bite. Usually the mosquito larvae grow in stagnant (dirty) and shallow water. Moisture and heat speed up the developing cycle of the larvae.

Mosquitos are mostly active in the time between dusk and dawn - on warm humid days in the afternoon as well. In the daytime they usually hide in moist shady places such as hedges and woodland, or in houses.

They are responsible for transmitting the commonest infectious diseases throughout the world.

Mosquito species such as Aedes, Anopheles and Culex are carriers of dangerous diseases such as yellow or dengue fever (Aedes), malaria, virus encephalitis, filariasis (Anopheles), meningitis and filaria (threadworm) diseases (Culex).

Preventive measures and control

   •    Avoid stagnant water in and around your house
   •    Use a mosquito net during the night, and mosquito or fly gauze in windows and doors
   •    Use insecticides.
   •    Use mosquito repellents on your skin.

Name: Flies

Diseases: Flies can transmit intestinal worms, or their eggs, and are potential vectors of diseases such as Dysentery, Gastroenteritis, Typhoid, Cholera and Tuberculosis, which are picked up from garbage bins/dumps & sewages.

Name: Aedes Mosquito

Disease: Dengu

Damage: The damage caused by the Aedes Mosquito is in human Terms involves inflicting various diseases, the most deadly being Dengue which has become very wide spread, Dengue can lead to death if not treated in time.

Name: Bed bugs

Disease: Just 5mm long, reddish brown in color, these little “Blood suckers” are mainly active at night can consume 6 times their body weight of blood per feeding. The bite of the bed bugs can cause severe irritations in some people, which results in loss of sleep, lack of energy and restlessness, particularly in children.

Spread: They travel to your Homes, Offices and Hospitals etc through cars, Trains, Buses, Aircrafts, Clothing, Luggage, Furniture, Books and other objects that are used by bed bugs as harborages.